Quote: Asimov on Human Brain

‘In man is a three-pound brain which, as far as we know, is the most complex and orderly arrangement of matter in the universe.’ Isaac Asimov (Biochemist; was a Professor at Boston University School of Medicine; internationally known author), ‘In the game of energy and thermodynamics you can’t even break even’. Smithsonian Institute Journal, June […]

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Putting Feet in Mud

Putting feet in mud shows “dinosaurs and birds are different.” A study reported in Nature vol. 399, pp103-104, 141-144 comparing fossil dinosaur footprints with those produced by present day birds running through mud, showed that birds run by moving their knees, with little movement of the hip and ankle and keep their ankles off the […]

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Putting a Foot in a Hobbit Mouth

Putting a foot in a Hobbit mouth reported in BBC News, American Museum of Natural History and ScienceDaily, 6 May 2009, and Nature, vol 459, p81 7 May 2009. Ever since the bones now nicknamed “the Hobbits” were found in a cave on the island of Flores, anthropologists have argued about whether they were dwarf […]

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Pterosaurs had Smart Wings and Big Brains

Pterosaurs had “smart wings” and big brains, according to reports in Nature vol 425, p950, 30 October 2003 and ScienceNOW 29 October 2003. Lawrence Witmar of Ohio University, and colleagues have studied computerised x-rays of pterosaur skulls and found they had large semi-circular canals and an enormous flocculus area in their brain. The semi-circular canals […]

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Pterosaur Wings Are Unique

Pterosaur wings are unique, according to articles in National Geographic News and Discovery News 4 Aug 2009, and ABC News in Science 5 Aug 2009. Fossil experts have conducted a detailed study of a fossil pterosaur named Jeholopterus ningchengensis, found in Inner Mongolia in 2000. The creature was approximately 30 cm long with a 35 […]

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Pigeons Fly Like Helicopters

Pigeons fly like helicopters, according to articles in ScienceShots and PNAS 28 November 2011. A team of biologists and engineers have made high speed videos of pigeons to see how birds change direction whilst in flight. They filmed the birds making right angle turns and calculated the aerodynamic forces generated. They found these birds generated […]

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Green Frog

Frog Kneecap Surprise

Frog kneecap surprise reported in New Scientist 7 July 2017 and The Anatomical Record doi: 10.1002/ar.23629 published online 1 July 2017. Scientists in Argentina have studied skeletons of 20 frog species and have discovered, much to scientists’ surprise, that some frogs have kneecaps. The kneecaps are made of fibrocartilage rather than bone, but as John […]

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Human Brains Wired For Language

Human brains wired for language, according to a report in ScienceNOW 24 March 2008. Communicating with complex speech language is unique to humans, and it has long been known that human brains have specialised regions in the frontal and temporal lobes that are used for speech production and the understanding of language. Scientists who study […]

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Human Brain Has Downsized

Human brain has downsized, according to articles in Sky News 6 February 2011 and Discover magazine 20 January 2011. Psychologists David Geary and Drew Bailey of the University of Missouri have conducted a study of human brain sizes using fossil and present day skulls from Europe, the Middle East and Asia. They found the average […]

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How Snakes Drink

How snakes drink reported in New Scientist 20 February 2012 and Journal of Experimental Zoology 6 February 2012 DOI: 10.1002/jez.1710. David Cundall of Lehigh University, Pennsylvania had observed boa constrictors sucking up water through a small hole in their mouths, as if they were drinking through a straw. However, he was unable to measure any […]

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