Coral

Rock Hard Skeletons Resist Climate Change

Rock hard skeletons resist climate change, according to articles in Rutgers University News 8 April 2021, SciTech Daily 18 April 2021 and, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 24 February 2021, doi: 10.1098/rsif.2020.0859. Coral reefs are formed as coral animals lay down a hard rock-like material that consists of the mineral aragonite, a type of […]

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Sunlight on Leaves

Photosynthesis “Old as Life”

Photosynthesis “old as life”, according to articles in Imperial College London News 16 March 2021 and ScienceDaily 24 March 2021, and Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Bioenergetics, published online 19 February 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2021.148400.  The oxygen producing process of photosynthesis in green plants, algae and cyanobacteria begins with water molecules being split by an […]

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Asteroids

Japanese Bring Asteroid Sample Back to Earth

Japanese bring asteroid sample back to earth and all types of claims emerge about finally finding the origin of the solar system and life. Over the past few years scientists have sent probes to the far reaches of the solar system and collected comet dust, meteorites and now asteroid material, all with the purpose of […]

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Mosquito on Flower

Mosquitoes Analyse Flower Chemistry

Mosquitoes analyse flower chemistry, according to reports in ScienceDaily 22 January 2020 and The Daily University of Washington 6 February 2020 and PNAS 7 January 2020, doi:10.1073/pnas.1910589117.  Although mosquitoes have a well-earned reputation for biting people and sucking blood, their main food source is flower nectar.  As explained by Jeffrey Riffell, a professor of biology […]

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Ichthyosaur Fossil

Jurassic Blubber

Jurassic blubber found, according to articles in BBC News, National Geographic and ScienceDaily 5 December 2018, and Nature doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0775-x. For many years palaeontologists have speculated that ichthyosaurs had a layer of blubber (fatty tissue) under their skin as do living marine mammals such as dolphins and whales. Ichthyosaurs were reptiles, rather than mammals, but […]

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Deoxyribose

DNA Sugar Made in ‘Fake’ Space

DNA sugar made in ‘fake’ space, claim NASA scientists in NASA News 19 December 2018 and Nature Communications, published online 18 December 2018, doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07693-x. DNA is a large complex molecule consisting of a long chain of smaller components named nucleotides. Each nucleotide is three-part molecule that includes a sugar named deoxyribose (the D in […]

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Sun Clouds Sea

500 Million Years of CO2

500 million years of CO2 claim scientists in reports in ScienceDaily 28 November 2018, and Science Advances 28 November 2018 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4556. A group of scientists at the Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) and Utrecht University have analysed a chemical named phytane in over 300 samples of sediment from deep sea cores and from […]

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Coloured Eggs

Colourful Dinosaur Eggs

Colourful dinosaur eggs found, claim scientists in a study reported in Science (AAAS) News and ScienceDaily 31 October 2018, and Nature 31 October 2018, doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0646-5. Many birds’ eggs are coloured or have speckled patterns of pigment, while reptiles lay plain white eggs.  It has always been assumed that dinosaurs, being reptiles, would have produced […]

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Demosponge

Oldest Sponges

Oldest sponges found, according to ScienceDaily 15 October 2018 and Nature Ecology & Evolution 15 October 2018; doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0676-2. Researchers at the University of California have found evidence of sponges in rock and oils from Oman, Siberia, and India, dated as 660-635 million years ago.  This is classified the Neoproterozoic Era, and is claimed to […]

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Giant Clam

Clams Recycle Urea for Algae

Clams recycle urea for algae, according to reports in Inside JEB 19 April 2018, and Journal of Experimental Biology 14 March 2018, doi: 10.1242/jeb.176313. Giant clams live in close symbiotic relationship with marine algae known as zooxanthellae, which produce nutrients for the clam by photosynthesis.  The algae can make sugars from carbon dioxide and water, […]

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