Manta Ray

Ricochet Feeding for Rays

Ricochet feeding for rays described in ScienceDaily 26 September 2018 and Science Advances 26 September 2018 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9533. Manta rays are kite shaped fish that feed by filtering plankton from water flowing into their mouths as they swim.  The water, minus the plankton, then passes out through their gills.  This is an intriguing system for […]

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Mosquito Proboscis

Mosquitoes Inspire Injection Needles

Mosquitoes inspire injection needles, according to a report in ScienceDaily 25 June 2018 and Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.05.025 published online 18 May 2018. Scientists and engineers have studied the structure of the mosquito proboscis, and how the mosquito uses it, to find out how mosquitoes are able to bite […]

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Bee Yellow Flowers

Bees Understand Zero

Bees understand zero, according to articles in ScienceDaily and Nature News 7 June 2018 ABC News8 June 2018, and Science, 8 June 2018, doi: 10.1126/science.aar4975. Previous studies of bees have shown they can count up to four. Biologists at RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia and University of Toulouse in France, have now shown that honeybees understand […]

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How Opalescent Algae Glow

How opalescent algae glow, as reported in Science (AAAS) News 13 April 2018 ScienceDaily 17 April 2018 and Live Science 20 April 2018 and Science Advances 11 April 2018 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aan8917. Scientists at University of Bristol have studied the microscopic structure of a seaweed named Cystoseira tamariscifolia, which grows and glows in the tidal regions […]

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Bird's Nest Eggs

Nanotechnology Cracks Eggshell Problem

Nanotechnology cracks eggshell problem, according to ScienceDaily 30 March 2018, ABC News 31 March 2018 and Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aar3219, 30 March 2018. Biologists and engineers have studied the microscopic structure of chicken eggshells to work out how such shells are strong enough to avoid being broken while an embryonic bird develops inside, but yet […]

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Mayfly Larva

Mayfly Legs Go With the Flow

Mayfly legs go with the flow according to Science (AAAS) News 17 January 2018. Mayfly larvae on the genus Ecdyonurus graze on algae on rocks in flowing streams. The larvae are very small and light and the current could easily dislodge them, but they manage to stay in contact with the rocks even in rapidly […]

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Velvet Black Viper

Velvet black viper revealed in reports in Wired Science 16 May 2013, ABC News in Science 17 May 2013 and Nature Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/srep01846 16 May 2013. The West African Gaboon viper, Bitis rhinoceros, has a distinctive geometrical pattern of black, brown and white patches on its skin. The black patches are a particularly dense […]

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Synthetic Cilia

Synthetic cilia made, according to a report in New Scientist Tech, 13 April 2007. Cilia are microscopic hair-like structures that project from the surfaces of cells. Large numbers of them are found in the linings of airways where they are used to sweep the layer of fluid that lines the airways away from the lungs. […]

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Stone Tools Take Brains

Stone tools take brains, according to reports in PLoS ONE and e!Science News 3 November 2010, and ScienceDaily 4 November 2010. Stone tools come in two main types: razor sharp flakes of stone used for cutting and hand held axes used in defence and hunting as well as cutting. The sharp flakes are considered more […]

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Spring Loaded Plankton Inspire Engineers

Spring loaded plankton inspire engineers, according to a report in New Scientist, 17 December 2005, p12. Danielle France of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has studied the way a pond dwelling protozoan named Vorticella convallaria attaches itself to surfaces such as rocks and leaves by a stalk called a spasmoneme. If the cell is […]

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