Lavernock Point Strata

Origin of Welsh Dragons Found

Origin of Welsh dragons found, claim scientists from University of Bristol who are studying a bone bed in Lavernock Point, Wales.  The bone bed has a nearly continuous thickness of 5 cm and contains a mix of bones of land and sea creatures including dinosaurs, fish, ichthyosaurs and lots of microfossils including fish teeth, scales […]

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Crocodile Skin

Oldest Reptile Skin

Oldest reptile skin found in Oklahoma cave as a team of researchers study a small fragment of fossilised skin from an infilled Permian cave system dated at 289–286million years old in the evolutionary timetable.  The researchers claim it is the “oldest-known preservation of amniote skin proper.”  (“Amniote” is a biological classification for all land-dwelling vertebrates […]

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Ammonite fossil embedded in rock

Archaeopteryx and Ammonite

In 2018 scientists from Germany and Switzerland published a detailed description of an Archaeopteryx specimen they claimed to be the oldest Archaeopteryx.  One reasons they claim this record is that the specimen was buried alongside an ammonite – an extinct spiral-shelled sea creature similar to a nautilus. Reference: Rauhut et al. (2018), The oldest Archaeopteryx […]

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Snake in Grass

Snakes’ Lost Genes 

A team of scientists has studied the genomes of 14 species from 12 families of snakes to find out what genetic changes happened for reptiles with four limbs and two lungs to change into snakes with no limbs and one lung.  The found three parts of a gene called PTCH1 had missing DNA. This gene […]

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Snake Head and Neck Bones

Tiger Snake Jaws Evolve

Tiger snake jaws evolve, claim scientists who studied tiger snakes on Carnac Island – a tiny rocky island off the coast of western Australia.  The snakes are the descendants of a collection of snakes believed to have been taken to the island in 1930 by a travelling showman who was in trouble with the authorities […]

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Oldest Pterodactyl

Oldest Pterodactyl found in limestone quarry.  Researchers in Germany have studied an “exquisitely preserved” fossil of Pterodactylus antiquus – an extinct flying reptile, dated as 152 million years old.  This makes it the oldest specimen of this species of flying reptile.  The fossil is almost complete, with only a few fragments missing.  The scientists wrote […]

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Snake Lover Demands Reverse Evolution

Alan Pan, an engineer based in Los Angeles, USA, has designed and built a device that enables snakes to walk on four legs. The device consists of a long tube open at both ends that a snake can crawl into. Attached to this are four robotic legs, each fitted with servomotors. The walking pattern is […]

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Pterosaur Flying

Pterosaurs Had Coloured Feathers 

Palaeontologists in Brazil have studied the head of a pterosaur named Tupandactylus imperator, andclaim to have found “simple and branched feathers” on the back of its crest.  They examined these with an electron microscope and found they contained various shaped melanosomes – tiny vesicles containing the pigment melanin.  Variation in the shape of melanosomes is […]

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Dinosaur Walking

Limping Lumping Sore-a-saurs

As more methods are developed for studying the fine detail and internal structure of dinosaur bones scientists are finding abundant evidence of disease and trauma.  Here are some recent examples.  Researchers in Spain analysed a trackway of dinosaur footprints and found some anomalies, described as: “wide-steps, and a set of equally deformed left footprints (with […]

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Giant Croc Roamed South-East Queensland

Giant croc roamed South-East Queensland, according to reports in ABC News and ScienceDaily 14 June 2021 and Scientific Reports 9 June 2021, doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-91717-y. A group of scientists led by Jorgo Ristevski of University of Queensland have studied a piece of skull from an extinct crocodile, originally found in the nineteenth century, and stored in […]

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