Oldest bird vocal organ found, according to reports in BBC News, ABC News, and ScienceDaily and Nature, 2016 DOI: 10.1038/nature19852, published online 12 October 2016.
Birds make sounds using an organ named a syrinx, which is located at the junction of the trachea and the two main bronchi down in the bird’s chest. This structure is unique to birds, and is not found in other air breathing vertebrates.
An international group of scientists from USA, China and Argentina have studied a fossil bird named Vegavis iaai, which was found in Vega Island in Antarctica. The researchers used computerised tomography (CT) x-ray scans on the fossil to reveal its three dimensional structure and found it had syrinx structure similar to living birds. To confirm this they studied CT X-ray scans of 12 kinds of living birds. The fossil is dated as Late Cretaceous, 66 to 69 million years ago, making it the oldest fossil bird with evidence of a syrinx.
This finding has led to speculation about when the bird vocal organ evolved. Birds are claimed to have evolved from dinosaurs, but no evidence of a structure like a syrinx has been found in a dinosaur fossil. Julia Clarke, a palaeontologist at University of Texas, who led the study, commented: “This finding helps explain why no such organ has been preserved in a non-bird dinosaur or crocodile relative. This is another important step to figuring out what dinosaurs sounded like as well as giving us insight into the evolution of birds”. The researche team wrote in their report: “The new data shows the fossilization potential of the avian vocal organ and beg the question why these remains have not been found in other dinosaurs”.
Editorial Comment: Talk about a triumph of ideology over observation, and a demonstration of how useless evolutionary theory is to real science. The actual observations here are: a fossil bird syrinx; some living birds, all with syrinxes; and dinosaur fossils and living reptiles without syrinxes.
Since this fossil is a fully formed bird, note well that this finding will not give any insights into the evolution of birds. The answer to the question posed by the researchers about why remains of avian vocal organs have not been found in dinosaurs is simply because dinosaurs are not birds, and we predict time will continue to affirm this!
The only provable scientific conclusions that can be drawn from this study are that birds have had fully formed syrinxes from the time this fossil was formed, and they still do, and reptiles, including dinosaurs, do not have them.
Now note how these observations fit Genesis, which tells us that both birds and dinosaurs were created as unrelated fully formed creatures, each to reproduce after their own kind. Dinosaurs as well as many birds have become extinct, but until they died out they were separate and distinct life forms, and no-one has observed one turn into the other, nor found any evidence they did.
Evidence News vol. 16, No. 19
26 October 2016
Creation Research Australia
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